Breastfeeding & HIV

HIV/AIDS is not discriminatory. It could affect anybody, and babies are not spared from this risk. When a child is brought into the world, we wish the best for the child. However, sometimes, reality hits hard. There has been debate on the interventions that should be put in place to prevent post-natal transmission, while also protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding for the majority of children who benefit from it.

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Guidance on Infant feeding and HIV in the context of refugees and displaced populations
Provide tools to prevent malnutrition, improve the nutritional status of infants and young children, to reduce the transmission of HIV infection from mother to child after delivery, and to increase HIV free survival of infants.
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British HIV Association
BHIVA Guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women 2012, available here

The British HIV Association (BHIVA) and the Expert Advisory Group on AIDS (EAGA) - Position statement on the use of antiretroviral therapy to reduce HIV transmission January 2013.

British HIV Association and Children's HIV Association position statement on infant feeding in the UK 2011. GP Taylor, J Anderson, P Clayden, BG Gazzard, J Fortin, J Kennedy, L Lazarus, M-L Newell, B Osoro, S Sellers, PA Tookey, G Tudor-Williams, A Williams,†, A de Ruiter for the BHIVA/CHIVA Guidelines Writing Group, Article first published online in HIV Medicine, 21 MAR 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2011.00918.x available here
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AnotherLook at breastfeeding and HIV/AIDS
website preview The issue of HIV and human milk has been clouded by possibly questionable science, lack of precision concerning the definition of breastfeeding and premature public policy statements.
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ILCA Position Paper
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Newsletters on HIV and Breastfeeding
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The Right to Breastfeed, George Kent
The Right to Breastfeed
A mother with HIV who wishes to breastfeed faces court. This paper discusses the human rights perspective that was not permitted to be presented by the judge.
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American Academy of Pediatrics
American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric AIDS, Infant feeding and transmission of HIV in the United States, COMMITTEE ON PEDIATRIC AIDS, Pediatrics 2013; 131:2 391-396; published ahead of print January 28, 2013, doi:10.1542/peds.2012-3543, Available at here

Published E-responses:
view here
1.Greiner T and Morrison P, Breastfeeding by HIV-infected women in the USA, Pediatrics online, 5 Mar 2013
2.Chantry C. Policy on Infant Feeding and Transmission of HIV Cites Outdated Information About Breastmilk Pasteurization, Pediatrics online 21 Mar 2013.

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Press release:
Morrison P, A matter of life or death: the untold story of HIV, Breastfeeding and Child Survival, presented for the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA), at the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development Conference on Global Media Strategies for HIV and AIDS. Hotel Nikko, Kuala Lumpur, 28 May 2007,
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Article on Breastfeeding and HIV
Kent G, “HIV/AIDS, Infant Feeding, and Human Rights,” in Wenche Barth Eide and Uwe Kracht, eds., Food and Human Rights in Development. Volume I. Legal and Institutional Dimensions and Selected Topics (Antwerp, Belgium: Intersentia, 2005), pp. 391-424,

Langa L. Breast is always best, even for HIV-positive mothers. Bulletin WHO 2010, Bull World Health Organ. 2010 January; 88(1): 9–10. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.030110.